This week, PolitiFact took on three very different topics currently facing Americans: guns, abortion and stray cats.

The Newtown school massacre sparked a massive debate on gun control.

This week, the drive to mandate universal gun sale background checks and close the "gun show loophole" failed in the Senate.

President Barack Obama blamed the gun lobby for the bill's defeat, saying the National Rifle Association and others lied about the bill's content.

"They claimed that it would create some sort of ‘big brother’ gun registry, even though the bill did the opposite," Obama said. "This legislation, in fact, outlawed any registry. Plain and simple, right there in the text. But that didn't matter."

The NRA's Wayne LaPierre said the Association would never back a federal gun registry.

"That's what they're after, the names of good, decent people all over this great country who happen to own a firearm to go into a federal database for universal registration," he said.

Many U.S. Senators voted no on the bill fearing the measure would lead to the government keeping tabs on gun-owning Americans.

Angry constituents, such as the Arizona Citizens Defense League, sent emails saying the bill was "proposing the universal regulation of all firearms and their owners."

PolitiFact rated Obama's statement as true.

The government is currently required to destroy all personal information found in background checks, and the bill would have actually outlawed a federal gun registry.

Post-birth abortions

With two weeks left in the State Legislature session, lawmakers are debating a bill that deals with "post-birth" abortion.

The bill requires doctors to treat infants who are somehow born alive after an abortion procedure.

The group Americans United for Life claims there were 1,270 infants who later died even after surviving an abortion in 2010.

The Truth-O-Meter finds that number false.

The group is using a number for the Centers for Disease control that shows how many infants died for uncommon reasons.

However, this "other" category includes deaths that are not related to abortions.

Trap, neuter, return

Florida lawmakers are also considering a bill that allows the public to release a cat into the wild after a vet has spayed or neutered it.

The bill is aimed at helping cat overpopulation and says the release of a fixed cat is not abandonment or animal cruelty.

The American Bird Conservancy is opposed to the bill, saying it would "authorize the public hoarding of cats by feral cat activists."

PolitiFact says the Conservancy statement is half true. The bill does allow for feral cats to return to the streets.

However, hoarders typically control their cats by keeping them indoors.